Learn more about Plastic surgery – reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery.
Though the history of modern-day plastic surgery date centuries back, until recent time, there was a misconception that, plastic surgery is only limited to aesthetic surgery. It is something celebrities do for improving their body or facial features and thereby improving looks. But now, we know that aesthetic surgeries are only one of the many branches of plastic surgery. The technological advances had made it affordable for the common people. Earlier it was difficult to think about reconstructing body organs and using corrective measures. All of these are widely used by people now.
The plastic surgeries are highly specialized ones. It requires careful handling of skin, tissues, and precise cutting and suturing. With the advancement of technology, miniaturized tools, the procedure had become more accurate.
The 3 aspects of Plastic surgery are restoration, reconstruction, and alteration of the human body. There are mainly two types of plastic surgery and subspecialties. The first one is reconstructive surgery and the other one is cosmetic or aesthetic surgeries.
The surgery intends to restore or reconstruct the body organs. There are various situations that this surgery is used. There are situations that human body parts are disfigured either genetically or by accident.
When local tissues aren’t available, doctors might do microsurgery. The free skin and tissues including fat are removed from one side of the body, transfer to another and then reconnect with the blood cells.
Cosmetic surgery is altering the shape or size of any body part according to their liking. Many famous celebrities had gone through the same to improve their appeal. Who will forget Michael Jackson, one of the most famous persons who had undergone cosmetic surgeries? Not only face, there are surgeries to increase or decrease the size or realign the position of various body parts.
Recently many people do surgeries to remove the fat. Abdominoplasty is the process of removing and reshaping the abdomen. Liposuction removed the fat deposits by suction technique.
There are cosmetic surgeries for lip enhancement, reshaping of nose (rhinoplasty), reshaping of ear (Otoplasty), removal of wrinkles from neck and face (Rhytidectomy), augmentation of chin (Genioplasty), cheek augmentation, manipulation of facial bones by controlled fracturing (Orthognathic Surgery), reshaping of face (Zygoma reduction plastic) etc.
The most common among these are breast enhancements and altering facial features.
While reconstructive surgeries mainly aim for the proper functioning of the body, cosmetic surgeries intend to improve the ‘looks’.
Preparation for the surgery
For some plastic surgery is a necessity while for others it is luxury. In either case, it is important to understand the procedure and be prepared for the same. A few types of people can’t undergo plastic surgery
The preparation needs extensive counseling, stop taking some medicines and consumption of alcohol/cigarettes.
Some patients like cancer patients need more extensive education about the procedures and aftereffects.
The medical preparation depends on the type of surgery. The smaller ones like the removal of warts can be done with local anesthesia while some others are a procedure that is more complicated.
No surgery is 100 percent safe; it is the same in the case with Plastic surgery. Be it reconstructive or cosmetic surgery, there is risk involved.
These are risks involved with any sort of surgery. Normally the results of Plastic surgery are satisfactory without much complication.
Before taking the decision
Plastic and reconstructive surgery isn’t an alien thing anymore. The congenital defects are corrected in the infant/pediatric level itself. Hence, it is important to have an in-depth knowledge of Plastic and reconstructive surgery.
I hope this article helped you understand more about ‘Plastic and reconstructive surgery’.
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